Is Pepper Spray Flammable?

Pepper spray is a popular form of self-defense, but many people are unaware of its flammability.

In this article, we’ll explore the flammability of pepper spray in greater detail, as well as provide safety tips on how to properly store and use the product.

Whether you are a pepper spray user or just curious about the product, you’ll find important information about its flammability in this article.

What Is Pepper Spray?

Pepper spray, also known as OC spray (oleoresin capsicum spray), is a chemical compound that is used as a non-lethal self-defense tool. It contains capsaicin, which is the same chemical that makes chili peppers spicy.

When sprayed onto the face or eyes of an attacker, pepper spray causes pain, burning, and temporary blindness, making it difficult for them to continue their attack.

Pepper spray is available in a variety of forms, including handheld sprays, foggers, and foam. It is commonly used by law enforcement officers, military personnel, and individuals for self-defense purposes.

Is Pepper Spray Flammable?

Pepper spray itself is not flammable, but it can be set on fire if the propellant is flammable. This is because the propellant is a liquid or gas that propels the pepper spray from its container.

Some of these propellants are highly flammable and can cause a fire if exposed to an open flame or ignited.

For example, some pepper spray products contain a propellant known as dimethyl ether.

Dimethyl ether is a highly flammable and explosive gas. If a pepper spray containing this propellant is exposed to a flame, it can ignite and cause a fire.

Other pepper spray products contain a propellant called isobutane, which is not flammable. If this type of pepper spray is exposed to a flame, it will not ignite.


Is Pepper Spray Flammable

Since pepper spray is available in both flammable and non-flammable forms, it is important to read the label and make sure that you know what type of propellant is contained in the product.

If the product contains a flammable propellant, it is best to keep it away from any open flame or heat source.

Is Pepper Spray Toxic

Pepper spray is a non-toxic irritant that is used as a self-defense tool. However, if used excessively or in high concentrations, it can cause harmful effects such as respiratory problems, skin irritation, and temporary blindness.

It is important to use pepper spray in moderation and only in self-defense situations.

Additionally, individuals with respiratory problems or other health conditions should consult with a medical professional before using pepper spray.

Overall, while pepper spray is not toxic, it should be used with caution and only as a last resort for personal safety.

Is Pepper Spray Catch On Fire

First of all, pepper spray is made up of an active ingredient called oleoresin capsicum, or OC.

This is a naturally occurring plant extract that contains an irritant called capsaicin. When sprayed on an attacker, it causes a burning sensation and temporary blindness.

OC is not flammable itself, but it can be burned if exposed to a flame or intense heat.

The main concern people have is that the propellant used to spray the OC out of the container is flammable.

The propellant is usually compressed air or nitrogen, and it can ignite if exposed to a flame or intense heat. So while it is possible for pepper spray to catch fire, it is not likely.

The next thing to consider is the type of containers that pepper spray is sold in. The most common containers are metal or plastic containers with a spray nozzle.

These types of containers are not as likely to catch on fire as aerosol cans because the propellant is held in a sealed container.

Finally, the type of environment in that pepper spray is used can also affect whether or not it will catch on fire. If the pepper spray is used in an enclosed area that has poor ventilation, it could become a fire hazard.

Also, it’s important to keep the pepper spray away from open flames, such as candles, lighters, and campfires.

Hazards Of Pepper Spray


Hazards Of Pepper Spray

Pepper spray, although effective in self-defense, can also pose certain hazards. Here are some of the potential hazards of pepper spray:

Skin irritation: Exposure to pepper spray can cause severe irritation to the skin, leading to burning, itching, and redness.

Eye damage: If the spray comes in contact with the eyes, it can cause temporary blindness, tearing, and pain. In severe cases, it can also cause long-term damage to the eyes.

Respiratory problems: Inhaling the spray can cause coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath, particularly in people with asthma or other respiratory problems.

Allergic reactions: Some people may have an allergic reaction to the spray, which can cause swelling, hives, and difficulty breathing.

Secondary exposure: People who come in contact with someone who has been sprayed with pepper spray may also experience the effects of the spray, particularly if it is on the person’s clothing or skin.

Flammability: Pepper spray is flammable and can ignite if exposed to heat or flames.

Legal issues: The use of pepper spray is regulated in many areas, and using it improperly or in certain situations can result in legal consequences.

It is important to remember that while pepper spray can be an effective tool for self-defense, it should be used with caution and only in situations where it is necessary for personal safety.

Proper training in the use of pepper spray and knowledge of its potential hazards can help minimize the risks associated with its use.

What Neutralizes Pepper Spray?

Water and soap can help to neutralize the effects of pepper spray. You should flush the affected area with water and use soap to wash your skin thoroughly.

It is also recommended to remove contaminated clothing and avoid rubbing or touching the affected area, as this can spread the spray.

Applying milk, a solution of baking soda and water, or a solution of vinegar and water can also help to reduce the effects of pepper spray.

However, it’s important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen.

How Long Does Pepper Spray Last On You?

The duration of the effects of pepper spray can vary depending on several factors, including the strength of the pepper spray, the amount that was used, and individual factors such as skin sensitivity.

In general, the effects of pepper spray can last anywhere from 30 minutes to an hour or more, with symptoms such as intense burning, swelling, and difficulty breathing gradually subsiding over time.

However, it is important to note that in some cases, the effects of pepper spray can last longer and may require medical attention.

It is always recommended to seek medical attention if you experience prolonged symptoms after being exposed to pepper spray.

Does Bear Spray Burn More Than Pepper Spray?

The answer is yes, bear spray can be more painful than pepper spray. Bear spray is designed to be even more potent than pepper spray, making it more effective against animals such as bears, mountain lions, and even coyotes.

The active ingredient in bear spray is capsaicin, which is derived from chili peppers.

This ingredient is the same active ingredient found in pepper spray but in a much higher concentration.

This means that if you are ever in a situation where you are attacked by a bear, bear spray will likely be more painful than pepper spray.

In addition to being more effective, the bear spray also has a longer range than pepper spray.

This means that when you are defending yourself against an attacker, it may be easier to use the bear spray because of its longer range.

Pepper spray usually only has a range of 8-12 feet, while the bear spray can reach up to 35 feet in some cases.

Bear spray also has a larger diameter when deployed, which means it can cover a larger area and be more effective if you are in a situation where you are being attacked by multiple animals.

Pepper spray, on the other hand, has a smaller diameter and therefore is less likely to be as effective in a situation where you are being attacked by multiple animals.

How Does Pepper Spray Work

Pepper spray, also known as OC spray (oleoresin capsicum), is a self-defense tool used to incapacitate an attacker by causing inflammation and swelling of the eyes, nose, and throat.

Pepper spray contains a derivative of cayenne pepper, which is a natural irritant.

The active ingredient in pepper spray is capsaicin, which is derived from chili peppers.

When pepper spray is sprayed, it comes out as a fine mist or stream that sticks to the attacker’s skin, clothing, and eyes.

Once capsaicin comes into contact with the skin, it causes the blood vessels in the eyes and nose to dilate, resulting in intense tearing, coughing, and difficulty breathing.

The inflammation and swelling caused by the spray can last for several hours, making it an effective tool for self-defense. However, it is important to note that pepper spray should only be used in situations where it is necessary for personal safety and with proper training in its use.

What To Do If Pepper Sprayed

If you have been pepper-sprayed, the first thing to do is to try to remain calm and avoid panicking. It can be a very intense and painful experience, but it is important to stay focused and take the following steps:

Move away from the source of the spray: Try to move away from the area where you were sprayed, and find fresh air as quickly as possible. Pepper spray is designed to affect the respiratory system, so getting fresh air is important to help you breathe.

Remove contaminated clothing: If your clothing has been sprayed, try to remove it as quickly as possible, taking care not to spread the spray to other parts of your body. You may also want to remove any jewelry or accessories that may have come into contact with the spray.

Flush your eyes with water: Use large amounts of water to flush your eyes and face, but do not rub your eyes as this can cause the spray to spread. You can use clean water or a saline solution, and be sure to rinse your eyes for at least 15-20 minutes.

Seek medical attention: If you experience severe symptoms or have difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately. It is also important to seek medical attention if the effects of the pepper spray last for more than a few hours.

Document the incident: If you have been sprayed by someone else, it may be important to document the incident and report it to the appropriate authorities. Be sure to write down any details you can remember about the incident and take photographs of any injuries you may have sustained.

What Chemicals Are In Pepper Spray?

Pepper spray is made up of several chemicals that work together to create its potent effects. Here are some of the most common chemicals found in pepper spray:

Oleoresin Capsicum (OC): This is the active ingredient in pepper spray and is derived from the oily resin found in hot peppers. OC causes an intense burning sensation in the eyes, skin, and throat.

Solvents: Solvents are used to dissolve the OC and make it easier to spray. The most common solvent used in pepper spray is ethanol.

Propellants: Propellants are used to spray the OC solution out of the canister. The most common propellant used in pepper spray is nitrogen.

Dyes: Some pepper sprays also contain dyes, which can help police officers identify suspects who have been sprayed.

UV Tracers: Similar to dyes, UV tracers can help identify individuals who have been sprayed with pepper spray under ultraviolet light.

It is important to note that the exact formulation of pepper spray can vary depending on the manufacturer and intended use. Some formulations may also contain additional chemicals or ingredients to enhance the effects of the spray.

Is Pepper Spray Gel Flammable?

The answer is no. Pepper spray gel is not flammable. In fact, all forms of pepper spray, including gel, contain chemicals that are not combustible.

This means that you won’t have to worry about your pepper spray igniting and creating a dangerous fire when you use it.

However, there are a few things to keep in mind when using pepper spray gel. First and foremost, you should never spray it directly on an open flame.

Extreme heat can cause the gel to ignite, resulting in serious burns or other injuries.

It is also important to keep pepper spray gel away from any kind of spark or flame. While it won’t ignite from these sources, the extreme heat can cause damage to the canister and create a dangerous situation.

Finally, you should always store your pepper spray gel in a cool, dry place away from any kind of heat source. This will help to ensure that the gel does not become flammable and can be safely used when needed.

Is Police OC Spray Flammable?

Police OC spray is an aerosol self-defense product that is used by law enforcement and security personnel to subdue violent individuals.

This spray contains a combination of oleoresin capsicum (OC), a derivative of red pepper, and a propellant.

When sprayed, the OC irritates the eyes, skin, and lungs, making it difficult for the target to continue any type of hostile behavior.

So, is police OC spray flammable? The short answer is no. Police OC spray is not flammable, nor is it combustible. This is because the OC and the propellant used to deliver the spray are not flammable.

If exposed to extreme temperature or open flame, the spray may ignite, but it is not flammable on its own.

However, it is important to note that police OC spray is not without risk. When sprayed, the OC can cause burning, irritation, and respiratory problems, and it can also be harmful if swallowed or inhaled.

The spray is also highly pressurized, so it should never be used in an enclosed space or near an open flame.

If you have any doubts or questions about the safety of police OC spray, it is best to consult with a professional, such as a police officer or fire safety expert.

They can provide advice and guidance on proper usage and safety precautions.

Is Bear Spray Flammable?

Bear spray is an aerosol spray that is used to deter bears from attacking humans. It is a powerful repellent that can be used to safely disrupt a bear’s attack and prevent harm to the person using it.

Bear spray contains capsicum, which irritates and inflames the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, and lungs.

So, is bear spray flammable? The answer is no. Bear spray is nonflammable and, therefore, cannot be ignited.

Although bear spray typically contains flammable components such as propane, the concentration of these components is so low that it is not enough to cause combustion.

Bear spray is a great way to protect yourself if a bear were to approach you while hiking, camping, or otherwise outdoors. It is important to note, however, that bear spray is not a substitute for appropriate bear safety protocols.

If you encounter a bear, be sure to follow all necessary safety guidelines, including making a lot of noise, carrying bear spray, and not running away. If you feel threatened, spray the bear with bear spray and then back away slowly.

What Happens When Bear Spray Gets Hot?

When the bear spray gets hot, it can increase in pressure, potentially causing the canister to burst or leak.

This can make it difficult to use when needed, and can also lead to accidental discharge.

Additionally, heat can also affect the potency of the spray.

Over time, exposure to high temperatures can cause the active ingredients in the spray to break down and become less effective, reducing its ability to deter or incapacitate an aggressive bear.

It is important to store the bear spray in a cool, dry place and avoid exposing it to extreme temperatures or direct sunlight to ensure that it remains effective when needed.

Does Bear Spray Burn More Than Pepper Spray?

To answer the question, the bear spray does burn more than pepper spray. In fact, bear spray typically burns at three to four times the rate of pepper spray.

This means that when sprayed on an animal, it will take effect much more quickly and be more effective at deterring the animal.

However, bear spray is not as powerful as pepper spray. Bear spray is typically composed of capsaicin, a component of chili peppers, and other irritants.

Pepper spray, on the other hand, contains oleoresin capsicum or OC. OC is a synthetic chemical compound that is much more potent than capsaicin and can cause intense burning and irritation.

In addition to being more potent, pepper spray is also easier to use than bear spray. Bear spray can be difficult to aim and the long-range effectiveness is limited. Pepper spray, on the other hand, is usually easier to use and can be effective at distances of up to 20 feet.

Finally, bear spray tends to be significantly more expensive than pepper spray. This is due to the fact that it is made with more powerful and expensive ingredients. In addition, bear spray is also not as readily available as pepper spray.

Safety About Pepper Spray

Pepper spray can be an effective self-defense tool, but it is important to use it safely and responsibly. Some important safety considerations include:

Familiarize yourself with the product: Before using pepper spray, read the instructions and familiarize yourself with the product. Make sure you know how to properly aim and use the spray.

Practice using the spray: It’s a good idea to practice using the spray in a safe location, such as an empty parking lot. This can help you feel more comfortable using it if you ever need to in an emergency situation.

Aim carefully: Aim for the attacker’s face, specifically the eyes, nose, and mouth. This will provide the best chance of incapacitating the attacker.

Use the spray sparingly: Pepper spray is a powerful tool and can have serious consequences if used improperly. Use only the amount necessary to stop the attacker and move to a safe location.

Be aware of wind direction: If possible, position yourself so that the wind is at your back when using the spray. This will help prevent the spray from being blown back into your own face.

Seek medical attention if necessary: If you or someone else has been sprayed with pepper spray, seek medical attention if there are any signs of serious discomfort or breathing difficulties.

Overall, using pepper spray can be a safe and effective way to protect yourself in dangerous situations, but it is important to use it responsibly and with caution.


In conclusion, while pepper spray itself is not flammable, it can still be dangerous if it comes into contact with heat sources or open flames.

The propellant used in pepper spray canisters is often flammable, and if the spray is ignited, it can lead to a fire or explosion.

It’s important to always store a pepper spray away from heat sources and to avoid using it in environments where there is a risk of ignition, such as near open flames or smoking materials.

Additionally, it’s crucial to follow proper safety protocols when handling and using pepper spray to minimize the risk of injury or harm to oneself or others.